On the new SAT essay, your thesis does not require your stating an opinion on a topic, but instead involves identifying WHAT the author’s argument is and HOW she/he supports it. Take a look at this sample thesis for an essay on the above prompt: In this passage, Gioia argues that young Americans are less engaged with the arts (particularly literature) than in the past, which has a dire effect on multiple aspects of society.Gioia uses statistics and surveys, diction, and the organization of the article to support his conclusion that “As more Americans lose [the] capability [to engage with the arts and literature], our nation becomes less informed, active, and independent-minded.” The new prompt also requires students to read a passage and then analyze it, rather than coming up with their own opinion on a topic and having to support it with examples they come up with.
On the new SAT essay, your thesis does not require your stating an opinion on a topic, but instead involves identifying WHAT the author’s argument is and HOW she/he supports it. Take a look at this sample thesis for an essay on the above prompt: In this passage, Gioia argues that young Americans are less engaged with the arts (particularly literature) than in the past, which has a dire effect on multiple aspects of society.
Although you no longer will be able to prepare ahead of time for the essay by gathering examples from literature, history, or your own life to use as support for your thesis, in the new SAT essay you still need to use specific examples to support your logic and reasoning.
Even though the evidence you'll be using to support your analysis of the author's argument will be coming directly from the text included in the essay question, you still need to be specific.
By stating that "arts participation by Americans has declined for eight of the nine major forms that are measured" before going on to present the specific information about "the declining percentage of Americans, especially young adults, reading literature," Gioia draws the reader in from the general to the specific.
You'll also still have to write well and in an organized fashion.
Your essay should not explain whether you agree with Gioia’s claims, but rather explain how Gioia builds an argument to persuade his audience.
At a quick glance, the most obvious difference between the two kinds of prompts is that the old prompt asked you about your opinion on a topic, using specific examples to support your reasoning, while the new prompt asks you to explain how author builds an argument, using specific elements from the text to support your reasoning.In order to support your point, you will need to cite specific instances of where Gioia does this in the text.It wouldn't be enough to simply say "Gioia discusses surveys, which makes his point seem stronger" or "Gioia starts out by being general before getting more specific." You would need to go into more detail, like so: Gioia's discussion of the findings of the 2002 Survey of Public Participation in the Arts serves to provide context for his argument.Finally, in order to get a 2 score (out of 4) in each of the three essay scoring categories (Reading, Analysis, and Writing), you should plan to write more than one page.You'll need at least that much space to write even a middle-scoring essay that articulates your central claim about how the author supports her argument, analyzes the text using specific examples, and shows your comprehension of the material.Take the sample SAT essay question from earlier: Write an essay in which you explain how Dana Gioia builds an argument to persuade his audience that the decline of reading in America will have a negative effect on society.Let's say that one of your points is that Gioia uses statistics and survey data to support his argument for the importance of literature.For example, you could claim that the horses end up killing the pigs over accounting error at the end of , and as long as this supports your thesis, the graders cannot take off points.New strategy: ABANDON MADE-UP EVIDENCE for the most part.I've taken advice from our guides on the old SAT essay and altered it to apply to the new essay.Old strategy: Think up examples beforehand that you'll be able to use on the test.