The Carthaginians were originally Phoenicians and Carthage was a colony founded by the Phoenician capital city of Tyre in the ninth century BC; the word Carthage means, in Phoenician, The New City.
The Phoenicians, however, were conquered by the Assyrians in the sixth century BC, and the conquered by the Persians; an independent Phoenician state would never again appear in the Middle Ease.
Rome’s classical era spanned the last two centuries BC and the first two centuries AD.
At the beginning of that period, Rome already commanded a sizable empire, governed by democratic principles.
Expansion overseas gave Rome the opportunity to strengthen its empire by war; But, as a drawback it resulted in the breakdown of the Republic, as well as its Empire.
Expansion Overseas made Rome a mighty empire for a short period of time, until both the Empire and the republic became unstable and eventually broke down.Our journey through this remarkable history begins with the land itself and the various peoples that inhabited it.Unlike most of the regions dealt with, Italy was a multicultural landscape that came to be dominated by this small village, Rome.These conflicts, so disastrous for Carthage, were inevitable.Between Carthage and Italy lay the huge island of Sicily; Cartage controlled the western half of Sicily, but the southern tip of the Italian peninsula put the Romans within throwing distance of the island.Culturally, the Romans had a slight inferiority complex in regards to the Greeks, who had begun their city-states only a few centuries before the rise of the Roman Republic.The Romans, however, derived much of their culture from the Greeks: art, architecture, philosophy, and even religion.The Romans would look to their empire as the instrument that brought law and justice to the rest of the world; in some sense, the relative peace and stability they brought to the world did support this view.They were, however, a military state, and they ruled over this vast territory by maintaining a strong military presence in subject countries.However, the Romans changed much of this culture, adapting it to their own particular worldview and practical needs.It is this changed Greek culture, which we call Graeco-Roman culture, that was handed down to the European civilizations in late antiquity and the Renaissance.