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Friedman and Rosenman (both cardiologists) actually discovered the Type A behavior by accident after they realized that their waiting-room chairs needed to be reupholstered much sooner than anticipated.When the upholsterer arrived to do the work, he carefully inspected the chairs and noted that the upholstery had worn in an unusual way: "there's something different about your patients, I've never seen anyone wear out chairs like this." Unlike most patients, who wait patiently, the cardiac patients seemed unable to sit in their seats for long and wore out the arms of the chairs.Studies carried out on women have not shown such a major difference between Type A and Type B and subsequent health.
Friedman and Rosenman (1976) labeled this behavior Type A personality.
They subsequently conduced research to show that people with type A personality run a higher risk of heart disease and high blood pressure than type Bs.
When this behavior is expressed overtly (i.e., physical behavior) it generally involves aggression and possible bullying (Forshaw, 2012).
Hostility appears to be the main factor linked to heart disease and is a better predictor than the TAPB as a whole.
Examples of questions asked by Friedman & Rosenman: The researchers found that more than twice as many Type A people as Type B people developed coronary heart disease.
When the figures were adjusted for smoking, lifestyle, etc.Such people are more likely to have their ”flight or fight” response set off by things in their environment.As a result, they are more likely to have the stress hormones present, which over a long period of time leads to a range of stress-related illnesses.People with Type B personality tend to be more tolerant of others, are more relaxed than Type A individuals, more reflective, experience lower levels of anxiety and display a higher level of imagination and creativity.The Type C personality has difficulty expressing emotion and tends to suppress emotions, particularly negative ones such as anger.They tended to sit on the edge of the seat and leaped up frequently.However, the doctors initially dismissed this remark, and it was only five years later that they began their formal research.Interrelated with this is the presence of a significant life imbalance. Type A individuals are easily ‘wound up’ and tend to overreact.They also tend to have high blood pressure (hypertension).This means such individual also display 'pathological niceness,' conflict avoidance, high social desirability, over compliance and patience.Friedman & Rosenman (1976) conducted a longitudinal study to test their hypothesis that Type A personality could predict incidents of heart disease.