Cures for other diseases which are endemic in developing countries are also now possible, allowing people with debilitating conditions to live healthy and productive lives. Service and technology are the differentiators between countries that are able to tackle poverty effectively by growing and developing their economies, and those that are not.The extent to which developing economies emerge as economic powerhouses depends on their ability to grasp and apply insights from science and technology and use them creatively.This already happens in health care in certain G7 countries, where the demand for very high-cost diagnostic equipment and surgical interventions enabling longevity and better quality of life for older wealthy people overstretches public health care budgets, and lowers service quality in poor neighborhoods.
Everyone is involved – big and small, public and private, rich and poor.
The benefits that are certain to flow from technological revolution in an increasingly connected world and knowledge-intensive world will be seized by those countries and companies that are alive to the rapidly changing environment, and nimble enough to take advantage of the opportunities.
The combination of computers and the Internet, and mobile devices and the “cloud”, has transformed human experience, empowering individuals through access to knowledge and markets, changing the relationship between citizens and those in authority, as well as allowing new communities to emerge in virtual worlds that span the globe.
According to the United Nations International Telecommunications Union (UN-ITU), by the end of 2010 there were an estimated 5.3 billion mobile cellular subscriptions worldwide, including 940 million subscriptions to 3g services.
About 90 percent of the world’s population can access mobile networks, with three-quarters of mobile subscribers living in developing economies.
Cellular technology has allowed Africa to leapfrog the age of fixed line telephony, bringing affordable access to millions of people.Developments in science and technology are fundamentally altering the way people live, connect, communicate and transact, with profound effects on economic development.To promote tech advance, developing countries should invest in quality education for youth, and continuous skills training for workers and managers.The investment climate is crucial, as are the right incentive structures, to guide the allocation of resources, and to encourage research and development.Successful countries have grown their ability to innovate and learn by doing, by investing public funding to help finance research and development in critical areas.To promote technological advances, developing countries should invest in quality education for youth, continuous skills training for workers and managers, and should ensure that knowledge is shared as widely as possible across society.In a world in which the Internet makes information ubiquitous, what counts is the ability to use knowledge intelligently.Science and technology are key drivers to development, because technological and scientific revolutions underpin economic advances, improvements in health systems, education and infrastructure.The technological revolutions of the 21st century are emerging from entirely new sectors, based on micro-processors, tele-communications, bio-technology and nano-technology.Innovation is the primary driver of technological growth and drives higher living standards.As an engine of growth, the potential of technology is endless, and still largely untapped in Africa and other developing world regions across the globe.