Sumner Wetland Thesis

In particular, these iron reaction processes result in the formation of redoximorphic features that account for the prevalence of low chroma, Fe-depleted matrix colors associated with many mineral wetland soils (Vasilas and Berkowitz ).

The characteristic morphologies associated with prolonged saturation and aerobic conditions form the basis of field indicators of hydric soils, providing rapid and reliable approaches to identifying hydric soils utilized as part of wetland delineation procedures (USDA-NRCS ).

resistant to color change) and those that displayed color change propensity.

In their study, red soils (both suspected problematic RPM and non-problematic RPM) were collected and treated with a sodium dithionite reducing agent in various treatments of differing periods of time and temperatures.

The United States Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) wetland delineation manual and associated regional supplements provide technical guidance and procedures for identifying and delineating wetlands (Environmental Laboratory ).

Accordingly, identification and delineation of wetlands utilizes a three-factor approach encompassing indicators of wetland hydrology (e.g., near surface, seasonally high water tables), hydrophytic vegetation (water-loving plants), and hydric soils.

The layer must contain 10% or more depletions and/or distinct or prominent concentrations occurring a soft masses or pore linings.

Redox depletions should differ in color by having: The F21 - Red Parent Material hydric soil field indicator is approved for use in portions of the mid-Atlantic, New England, and Appalachian mountains including Major Land Resource Area (MLRA) 127 of Land Resource Region (LRR) N, MLRA 145 of LRR R, and MLRAs 147 and 148 of LRR S.

Guidance was developed as early as 1996 to aid in the identification of wetlands in soils derived from RPM, with additional strategies described in recently published regional supplements to the USACE wetland delineation manual (USACE ) demonstrated that soils derived from red shales resisted color changes under both field and laboratory conditions compared with soils derived from the other formations within the same area of New Jersey.

Red soils from stratigraphically-related formations in Maryland and Connecticut also lacked prominent redoximorphic features despite highly-reducing conditions observed during field studies (Elless et al. While these case studies demonstrate that some red soils are problematic, the majority of red soils or soils derived from red-colored parent material readily form hydromorphic features under anaerobic conditions (Rabenhorst and Parikh ).

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