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Procedures The participant met another "participant" in the waiting room before the experiment. Each participant got the role as a "teacher" who would then deliver a shock to the actor ("learner") every time an incorrect answer to a question was produced.The participant believed that he was delivering real shocks to the learner. As the experiment progressed, the teacher would hear the learner plead to be released and complain about a heart condition.
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Our experiment tested people's obedience to authority.
The results showed that most obey all orders given by the authority-figure, despite their unwillingness.
Once the 300-volt level had been reached, the learner banged on the wall and demanded to be released.
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Beyond this point, the learner became completely silent and refused to answer any more questions.The expectation is that very few will keep giving shocks, and that most participants will disobey the order. They were recruited by advertisement in a newspaper and were paid .50.Instruments A "shock generator" was used to trick the participants into thinking that they were giving an electric shock to another person in another room.There are few facts about the role of obedience when committing acts against one’s personal conscience (1961).Most theories suggest that only very disturbed people are capable of administering pain to an ordinary citizen if they are ordered to do so.Can people be ordered to act against their moral convictions?The experiment will test whether a person can keep administering painful electric shocks to another person just because they are ordered to do so.The shock generator had switches labeled with different voltages, starting at 30 volts and increasing in 15-volt increments all the way up to 450 volts.The switches were also labeled with terms which reminded the participant of how dangerous the shocks were.In a survey, professionals such as doctors, psychologist and laymen predicted that a small proportion of a population (1-3%) would harm others if ordered to do so.In the recent war trial with Adolph Eichmann, he claims to only have been “following orders". Can people harm others because they are merely obeying orders?