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First, norms promote the , falsifying, or misrepresenting research data promote the truth and minimize error.Second, since research often involves a great deal of cooperation and coordination among many different people in different disciplines and institutions, ethical standards promote the values that are essential to collaborative work, such as trust, accountability, mutual respect, and fairness.One plausible explanation of these disagreements is that all people recognize some common ethical norms but interpret, apply, and balance them in different ways in light of their own values and life experiences.
These standards also help members of the discipline to coordinate their actions or activities and to establish the public's trust of the discipline.
For instance, ethical standards govern conduct in medicine, law, engineering, and business.
For example, many ethical norms in research, such as , data sharing policies, and confidentiality rules in peer review, are designed to protect intellectual property interests while encouraging collaboration.
Most researchers want to receive credit for their contributions and do not want to have their ideas stolen or disclosed prematurely.
Another way of defining 'ethics' focuses on the disciplines that study standards of conduct, such as philosophy, theology, law, psychology, or sociology.
Research Paper About Ethics Dissertation Proposals Samples
For example, a is someone who studies ethical standards in medicine.
Indeed, in the last century, many social reformers have urged citizens to disobey laws they regarded as immoral or unjust laws.
Peaceful civil disobedience is an ethical way of protesting laws or expressing political viewpoints.
Ethical norms also serve the aims or goals of research and apply to or other scholarly or creative activities.
There is even a specialized discipline, research ethics, which studies these norms.