Plastics In Ocean Essay

While plastic thrown into landfills contaminates the soil and groundwater with harmful chemicals and microorganisms, the effects of marine pollution caused by plastic are immeasurable.Just like on land, even in the oceanic areas, the effects of plastic on marine life has started to be felt.Our ocean and the array of species that call it home are succumbing to the poison of plastic.

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Plastic threatens the existence of life under water right from smaller fishes to huge mammals and amphibians in several ways.

Reports say that around one million seabirds and 100,000 marine mammals are killed every due to plastic ingestion.

From seabirds, whales, and dolphins, Plastic waste can encourage the growth of pathogens in the ocean.

According to a recent study, scientists concluded that corals that come into contact with plastic have an 89 percent chance of contracting disease, compared with a 4 percent likelihood for corals that do not.

Fish, seabirds, sea turtles, and marine mammals can become entangled in or ingest plastic debris, causing suffocation, starvation, and drowning.

Humans are not immune to this threat: While plastics are estimated to take up to hundreds of years to fully decompose, some of them break down much quicker into tiny particles, which in turn end up in the seafood we eat.Unfortunately, several marine species are on the verge of extinction because of such type of ocean pollution.Consumption of plastic by marine creatures causes severe digestive problems which go mainly untreated.Global awareness about plastic pollution has grown tremendously in the last decade as nongovernmental organizations and scientists have better documented the environmental and economic impacts of this material on our marine environment.For the last half-century, plastic has become an integral part of our daily life.Plastic waste kills up to a million seabirds a year.As with sea turtles, when seabirds ingest plastic, it takes up room in their stomachs, sometimes causing starvation.According to the United Nations, at least 800 species worldwide are affected by marine debris, and as much as 80 percent of that litter is plastic.It is estimated that up to 13 million metric tons of plastic ends up in the ocean each year—the equivalent of a rubbish or garbage truck load’s worth every minute.In recent time, considering the increase in the disposal of plastic in the ocean, it has become imperative to take all possible measures to combat this problem by understanding the consequences of plastic in the ocean.But before one can do so, one needs to understand the repercussions of plastic in the sea, which is necessary to take the protective measures even more sensibly.

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