The stakes of such divisions have risen in recent years in the wake of proposed budget cuts and priority shifts, for example, in the Wisconsin and North Carolina University systems.Given this warning, what then is responsible professional pedagogy?In higher education, there is a wide variety of professional schools, each with its own basic requirements and prerequisites.
A troubling chorus of public pronouncements from outside higher education has reduced expectations for a college education to job preparation alone.
Dominating the policy discussions are demands that college curricula and research cater to “labor market needs” and to “industry availability.” Still others call for an increase in “degree outputs”—much as they might ask a factory to produce more cars or coats…The call for educational reform cast only as a matter of workforce preparation mistakenly adopts a nineteenth-century industrial model for complex twenty-first-century needs.
Her model can then be generalized to other professions, as it has been for clergy professional development by Bonnie Miller-Mc Lemore and Christian Scharen.
The following outline and quotes are taken from Benner’s article “From Novice to Expert.” These steps reflect the dynamic interplay between critical thinking and professional practice characteristic of responsible professional education.
Is there necessarily a strict boundary between professional and liberal education?
Professional schools provide terminal degrees that train students for a specific profession, such as careers in medicine, law, or religious leadership.
“Analytical tools are also necessary when the expert gets a wrong take or a wrong grasp of the situation…When alternative perspectives are not available to the experienced clinician, the only way out of the wrong grasp of the problem is analytical problem solving” (p. Experts can sometimes have trouble describing their decision making process because it spans from a deep, intuitive understanding of the situation.
The developmental arch of a professional student and practitioner moves from strict application of context-free rules to a holistic and intuitive understanding of concrete situations.
| Signature Pedagogies | From Novice to Expert | Conclusion Recent commentators on American education such as David Brooks, William Deresiewicz, and Edward Farley have critiqued the general shift to career preparation in higher education.
The charge against professional education tends to discern a disparity between career preparation on the one hand and general liberal education, the promotion of critical thought, and the advancement of thoughtful citizenship on the other.