British students get more homework than many other countries in Europe. The main distinction for UK homework is the social gap, with middle-class teenagers getting a disproportionate amount of homework compared to Asia and Europe.
In a single study, parents and teachers of middle school students believed that homework improved students' study skills and personal responsibility skills.
Leone & Richards (1989) found that students generally had negative emotions when completing homework and reduced engagement compared to other activities.
Stress was especially evident among high school students.
Students that reported stress from homework were more likely to be deprived of sleep.
The students slept an average of 6 hours 48 minutes, lower than the recommendations prescribed by various health agencies.
A study done at the University of Michigan in 2007 concluded that the amount of homework given is increasing.
Homework, or a homework assignment, is a set of tasks assigned to students by their teachers to be completed outside the class.
Common homework assignments may include required reading, a writing or typing project, mathematical exercises to be completed, information to be reviewed before a test, or other skills to be practiced. Generally speaking, homework does not improve academic performance among children and may improve academic skills among older students, especially lower-achieving students.
The authors of Sallee & Rigler (2008), both high school English teachers, reported that their homework disrupted their students' extracurricular activities and responsibilities. (2009) found that parents were less likely to report homework as a distraction from their children's activities and responsibilities.
Galloway, Conner & Pope (2013) recommended further empirical study relating to this aspect due to the difference between student and parent observations.