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As Soviet writer Ilya Ehrenburg said of Anne’s diary, “One voice speaks for six million—the voice not of a sage or a poet but of an ordinary little girl.” Although Anne left a trail of her life in the secret annex in her diary, questions remain as to who really betrayed the family and when she died.on June 12, 1929, in Frankfurt, Germany, she had an older sister Margot Betti, four years older, the family was liberal Jews.
In 1938, Otto established a second company Pectacon, which sold “herbs, pickling salts, and mixed spices.” Both girls went to mixed schools, Margot to public schools and Anne to a Montessori school.
Life would change for the Franks again, unsettling them once more, in May 1940, when the Nazis invaded the Netherlands.
Anne’s father bought her a small red-and-white-plaid autograph book she wanted for her 13th birthday on June 12, 1942, which she immediately started to use as a diary recording her last month of freedom.
On July 5, the SS called up Margot then 16 to report for a work camp.
To the Nazis, the Franks were considered criminals for not replying to the notice for Margot in 1942, and for hiding.
From the annex, the Franks van Pels and Pfeffer were taken to Huis van Bewaring (House of Detention), a prison on the Weteringschans. was the janitor at a building behind the Prinsengracht building.
In addition, Gies husband Jan knew and Voskuijl’s father Johannes Hendrik Voskuijl, who also helped.
A week later on July 13, another family joined the Franks the van Pels, which included Hermann and Auguste and their 16-year-old son Peter.
He transferred Pectacon to Johannes Kleiman, and then it is was liquidated with assets transferred to Gies and Company operated by Jan Gies.
Otto Frank tried in vain to for the family to immigrate first to the United States in 1938 and then Cuba in 1941, but the US consulate closed in the interim with the Nazi invasion, and the whole application was lost, while the Cuban application was granted only for Otto in December 1941.