“Failure should not be an option: Grading the parole systems of all 50 states” February 26, 2019: Jorge Renaud, Prison Policy Initiative (spoiler alert: NYS gets a D-) RAPP Testimony to NYS Legislature’s 2019 Public Protection Budget Hearing January 29, 2019: Jose Saldana and David George, “New York State Parole Board: Failures in Staffing and Performance” August, 2018: The Parole Preparation Project and the Release Aging People in Prison Campaign “State Medical and Geriatric Parole Laws” August, 2018: National Conference of State Legislatures “Ending Perpetual Punishment: The case for commutations for people in Michigan prisons” August, 2018: American Friends Service Committee “Modernizing Parole Statutes: Guidance from Evidence-Based Practices” August 3, 2018: Catherine C. Kerrison, Ronet Bachman, Raymond Paternoster, The Liman Report: Moving Criminal Justice Fall 2016: Arthur Liman Public Interest Program, Yale University A By-Product of Mass Incarceration: New York’s Parole System in Need of Repair July, 2016: Release Aging People in Prison/RAPP RAPP Submission to the UN Committee on Torture June 27, 2016: Tomiko Shine, DC RAPP Economic Perspectives on Incarceration and the Criminal Justice System April 2016: Executive Office of the President of the United States U. Sentencing Commission Public Hearing on Compassionate Release and Conditions of Supervision (for Federal Bureau of Prisons) 48-minute video, February 17, 2016 Proposed amendments to Sentencing Guidelines (including sections on compassionate release/conditions of supervision) February 15, 2016; public comment period ends 3/21/2016 “Supporting America’s Aging Prisoner Population: Opportunities and Challenges for Area Agencies on Aging” 2016: National Association of Area Agencies on Aging “Aging in Prison: Reducing Elder Incarceration and Promoting Public Safety” November, 2015: a policy publication by RAPP, Center for Justice at Columbia University, and others; includes chapters by former heads of department of corrections and parole board • Campaign to Change Parole in New York: “Nature of the Crime” May 18, 2015: Parole Justice Now!
Reynolds, “The High Costs of Low Risk: The Crisis of America’s Aging Prison Population” (new edition) April, 2018: Elizabeth Gaynes, Tanya Krupat, David George, and Colin Bernatsky, for The Osborne Association “A Question of Compassion: Medical Parole in New York State” April, 2018: Rebecca Silber, Léon Digard, Tina Maschi, Brie Williams, and Jessi La Chance for “Reentry Experiences of Elderly Ex-Offenders: Wasted Lives” May, 2017: Charmaine Clarke, Stony Brook University (thesis) “Still Life: America’s Increasing Use of Life and Long-Term Sentences” May, 2017: Ashley Nellis, prepared for the Florida Legislature “New York State’s Aging Prison Population” April, 2017: Office of the New York State Comptroller Thomas di Napoli “Mass incarceration, public health, and widening inequality in the USA” April, 2017: Christopher Wildeman & Emily Wang, in “America: Equity and Equality in Health 4,” “Aging in Prison: A human rights problem we must fix” January, 2017: Prison Watch Project, American Friends Service Committee “Crime Survivors Speak: The First-Ever National Survey of Victims’ Views on Safety and Justice” December, 2016: “Aiming to Reduce Time-In-Cell” November, 2016: Association of State Correctional Administrators, the Arthur Liman Public Interest Program, Yale University The Effects of Age at Prison Release on Women’s Desistance Trajectories: a Mixed-Methods Analysis September 2016: Erin M.
Second, by revising correctional policies to ensure that minimal barriers exist to maintaining positive community relationships during the period of incarceration.
By providing individuals with opportunities to gain productive skills and equipping them to strengthen their positive relationships, we can help them achieve their full potential and transform their lives upon returning to our communities.
Patterson, Ph D, “At America’s Expense: The Mass Incarceration of the Elderly” June 13, 2012: American Civil Liberties Union/ACLU “Old Behind Bars: The Aging Prison Population in the United States” January 27, 2012: Human Rights Watch “The Answer is No: Too Little Compassionate Release in US Federal Prisons” 2012: Human Rights Watch “It’s About Time: Aging Prisoners, Increasing Costs, and Geriatric Release” April, 2010: The Vera Institute for Justice “Growing Older: Challenges of Prison and Reentry for the Aging Population” January 2007: Brie A.
American prisons house more than 1.5 million individuals, an increase of more than 390 percent since 1978.
The types of programming that can be provided to those in prison differ, but the most popular types of programming include education and workforce development, employment programs, life skills and family management classes, mental health and substance abuse support, and various types of religious programming.
One way to facilitate these programs is by providing community organizations with access to host such programs in the prison.
Individuals who are incarcerated have children, spouses, family, and friends who desire to continue a relationship with them while they are in prison.
Incarceration makes it exceptionally difficult for individuals to maintain healthy relationships with those who will be their support system when they return home.