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Ethics and ethical decisions surround themselves around what is the goodness or badness of any particular choice or decision.When exploring ethics, it is necessary to explore what are the different thoughts surrounding what framework is used to weigh this goodness and badness. Defining Deontological Theory Deontological Kant's theories state that actions are only morally right when they are done out of duty.
Kant describes these moral duties as unchanging and views them as laws for human behavior and conduct.
Kant also holds that being a free being is essential to the ability to think rationally, which allows for morality.
The three requirements are: (1) all persons can be willed to do it, (2) it enables us to treat others as the ends and not as means to our own selfish ends, and (3) it allows us to see others as mutual law makers.
(Action 1970) Kant is one of the primary father's of deontological theorists. In other words, by using the Categorical Imperative, it was possible to create rules by which to guide human behavior.
If one does not fulfil a personal or social responsibility, that is wrong and vice versa.
Deontologists define actions as choices which are made for reasons.An action of killing can be right or wrong depending on the urgent intention.For example, one can kill after having the intention of carrying out the act, while another killing can happen because one was trying to defend himself, the latter being accidental killing.As such, Kant related the faculty of mind to morals by trying to explain that an action is right or wrong with regard to pain and pleasure defined by their consequences.So what matters is the conception of consequences of the pain or pleasure of desired activity (Kant 5).Morality as a Conception of Consequences Kant explains that every activity and effect arises from a man’s mental representations of mind.Every desire or eversion is connected to a feeling of pleasure or pain.Jurisdictional duties are subjective to jurisdiction legislation while ethical duties are not because that arise from an individual’s proposition towards a purpose.It is individual’s state of mind that gives him will of necessity.Deontological theories recognise two types of duties.First is the general duty, defined by prohibitions like do not kill, and do not lie.