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Three MICS4 questionnaires were developed as research instruments for this survey: a household questionnaire, a questionnaire for indivudal women, and a questionnaire for children under five.
A survey, on the other hand, is the process of gathering information for statistical analysis to benefit a group of individuals. Put another way, a survey is the process of collecting and analyzing the data, where the questionnaire is the set of questions used to gather the information.
As online surveys and DIY research have evolved so has the meaning of a questionnaire.
Back in the day (before internet), completing a questionnaire was a matter of filling out a paper form. If the data was going to be used for research, the data was manually manipulated so that it could be summarized. Online survey tools have combined the process of gathering and analyzing the data.
A single tool now does both, making it quick, easy, and affordable.
In these cases, the responses are not aggregated for analysis.
When questionnaires are used to research or evaluate a group, then the questionnaire becomes a study or survey.
There is much confusion around the terms survey and questionnaire.
They are often used interchangeably probably because people think they are synonymous. There are 2 distinctions that separate a questionnaire from a survey.
(Each answer includes directions in the third column for proceeding to the next question.) Source: UNICEF.
(2010) “Household Questionnaire”, Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey/MICS4.