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Since God both created the world which is accessible to philosophy and revealed the texts accessible to theologians, the claims yielded by one cannot conflict with the claims yielded by another unless the philosopher or theologian has made some prior error.Since the deliverances of the two disciplines must then coincide, philosophy can be put to the service of theology (and perhaps vice-versa). First, philosophical reasoning might persuade some who do not accept the authority of purported divine revelation of the claims contained in religious texts.
While there are a number of complex reasons for this divorce, three are especially important.
According to the Thomistic model, philosophy and theology are distinct enterprises, differing primarily in their intellectual starting points.
Philosophy takes as its data the deliverances of our natural mental faculties: what we see, hear, taste, touch, and smell.
Many of the doctrines central to Christianity have important philosophical implications or presuppositions.
In this article, we begin with a brief general discussion of the relationship between philosophy and Christian dogma, and then we turn our attention to three of the most philosophically challenging Christian doctrines: the trinity, the incarnation, and the atonement.