The island is also located within the Caribbean hurricane belt. The population has grown steadily from 431,140 at independence in 1804 to the estimate of 6.9 million to 7.2 million in 2000.Haiti is one of the most densely populated countries in the world.An early eighteenth century kingdom ruled by Henri Christophe prospered and thrived in the north, and from 1822 to 1844 Haiti ruled the entire island. marines began a nineteen year occupation of the country, Haiti was among the poorest nations in the Western Hemisphere. During the century of relative isolation that followed independence, the peasantry developed distinct traditions in cuisine, music, dance, dress, ritual, and religion.Tags: Personal Statement Questions 2012Business Plan Case StudyFriendship And Loyalty EssaysEssay About ProblemsThe Thesis And BookCurly Hair EssayProblem Solving TasksS In Essay FormBest Essay Writing Books
Grands blancs (rich white colonists), petits blancs (small farmers and working-class whites), mulatres (mulattoes), and noirs (free blacks) fought, plotted, and intrigued.
Each local interest group exploited its position at every opportunity to achieve its political and economic objectives.
An estimated 5–10 percent of the population speaks fluent French, but in recent decades massive emigration to the United States and the availability of cable television from the United States have helped English replace French as the second language in many sectors of the population. Residents attach tremendous importance to the expulsion of the French in 1804, an event that made Haiti the first independently black-ruled nation in the world, and only the second country in the Western Hemisphere to achieve independence from imperial Europe.
The most noted national symbols are the flag, Henri Christophe's citadel and the statue of the "unknown maroon" ( Maroon inconnu ), a bare-chested revolutionary Emergence of a Nation.
Three-quarters of the terrain is mountainous; the highest peak is the Morne de Selle. The mountains are calcareous rather than volcanic and give way to widely varying microclimatic and soil conditions.
A tectonic fault line runs through the country, causing occasional and sometimes devastating earthquakes.
With the adoption of a new constitution in 1987, kreyol was given official status as the primary official language.
French was relegated to the status of a secondary official language but continues to prevail among the elite and in government, functioning as marker of social class and a barrier to the less educated and the poor.
In January 1804 the rebel generals declared independence, inaugurating Haiti as the first sovereign "black" country in the modern world and the second colony in the Western Hemisphere to gain independence from imperial Europe.
Since gaining independence, Haiti has had fleeting moments of glory.