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Evenings are cool; the diurnal variation in temperature may be as much as 11C to 17C.Winters are cold, with minimum mean temperatures in Punjab of about 4 °C (39 °F) in January, and sub-zero temperatures in the far north and Balochistan.2010 July floods swept 20% of Pakistan's land, the flood is the result of unprecedented Monsoon rains which lasted from 28 July to 31 July 2010.
Following are the main factors that influence the weather over Pakistan.
Pakistan has four seasons: a cool, dry winter from December through February; a hot, dry spring from March through May; the summer rainy season, or southwest monsoon period, from June through September; and the retreating monsoon period of October and November.
According to the Economic Survey of Pakistan, the drought was one of the most significant factors responsible for the less than anticipated growth performance.
The survey terms it as the worst drought in the history of the country.
Very high altitudes modify the climate in the cold, snow-covered northern mountains; temperatures on the Balochistan Plateau are somewhat higher.
Along the coastal strip, the climate is modified by sea breezes.It was not only the hottest temperature ever recorded in Pakistan but also the hottest reliably measured temperature ever recorded on the continent of Asia.and the fourth highest temperature ever recorded on earth.Already, the massive droughts of 1998-2002 has stretched the coping abilities of the existing systems to the limit and it has barely been able to check the situation from becoming a catastrophe.The drought of 1998-2002 is considered the worst drought in 50 years.The weather extremes in Pakistan include high and low temperatures, heaviest rainfall and flooding.The highest temperature ever recorded in Pakistan is 53.5 °C (128.3 °F) which was recorded in Mohenjo-daro, Sindh on .Pakistan recorded one of the highest temperatures in the world – 53.5 °C (128.3 °F) – on , the hottest temperature ever recorded in Pakistan, but also the hottest reliably measured temperature ever recorded on the continent of Asia.As Pakistan is located on a great landmass north of the Tropic of Cancer (between latitudes 25° and 36° N), it has a continental type of climate characterized by extreme variations of temperature, both seasonally and daily.The onset and duration of these seasons vary somewhat according to location.The climate in the capital city of Islamabad varies from an average daily low of 2 °C in January to an average daily high of 38 °C in June.