CBT utilises the principle that thoughts determine feelings and feelings determine actions .
CBT thus holds that, a situation evokes given thoughts, which in turn arouse given feelings leading to given actions.
Cognitive therapy also teaches people how certain thinking patterns are causing their symptoms.
This is accomplished by giving people a distorted picture of what's going on in their life and making them feel anxious, depressed or angry for no good reason.(Francis, 2000) When people are in behavior therapy and cognitive therapy, it provides them with various tools for stopping their symptoms and getting their life on a more satisfying track.
From this situation, a psychologist monitors one’s thoughts, emotions, feelings, and actions.
After this identification, the therapist helps the patient to come up with positive thoughts that would enable him/her view the depressing situation from a positive perspective.In cognitive therapy, the therapist takes an active part in solving a patient's problems.He or she doesn't settle for just nodding wisely while the patient carries the whole burden of finding the answers they came to therapy for initially.Cognitive therapists teach patients to identify their negative thoughts, recognize...In treating depression, CBT has found wide application due to its satisfying positive results.CBT works in a simple manner by breaking down problems into small fragments and addressing them one at a time.A psychologist identifies a problem, that is, the depressing situation.Another meeting ensues where the therapist evaluates how a patient is doing to see whether to add or remove some activities from the list.With time, depressed people realize the things that were depressing them were things of their own creation, and in some instances, they are not real.Therefore, by correcting one’s thoughts to look at every situation positively, one changes his/her feelings thus changing actions leading to changed behaviour.In other words, CBT focuses on changing the cognitive, which in turn changes the behaviour.