The process of data gathering is different for each method.Typically, you would want to decide whether you are going to adopt the positivist approach; defining your hypothesis and testing it against reality.
The complexity and length of research design section will vary depending on your academic subject and the scope of your research but any well written research design will have the following characteristics: This will discuss your chosen philosophy to strengthen your research and the research model.
The three most commonly employed research philosophies in the world of academia are interpretivism, positivism, pragmatism, constructivism and post-positivism although there several other research philosophies that you could adopt.
If this is the case then you will be required to take the quantitative approach; collecting numerical data at a large scale (from 30 or more respondents) and testing your hypotheses with this data.
The other option for you would be to base your research on qualitative approach which will point you in a direction where you will be investigating broader areas by identifying people’s emotions and perceptions of a subject.
Use the arguments for and against articulated in the literature to clarify why you decided to choose this research design and why the research limitations are irrelevant in your research.
The typical structure of the methodology chapter is as follows: the primary function of a research design is to enable the researcher to effectively and flawlessly answer the research questions through evidence.
If you are trying to figure out exactly then this article will point you in the right direction.
It is imperative for students to make sure that deep down they know the academic basis for choosing certain methods of research.
This means that your methodology chapter should clearly state whether you chose to use quantitative or qualitative data collection techniques or a mixture of both.
You will be required to provide justifications as to why you preferred a certain method over the others.