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In the event of refusal of the other party to renegotiate or in the event that the renegotiation is not successful, the parties may agree to terminate the contract on the date and on the conditions determined by the parties, or mutually request the judge to adapt the contract.Without an agreement within a reasonable time period, the judge may, at the request of a party, revise the contract or terminate it.
The limitation of this principle to “adhesion contracts” was added prior to promulgation of the Order, again in order to limit the scope of the provision to circumstances in which the party suffering from the “significant imbalance” had no opportunity to negotiate the contract.
French law has historically provided that a court interpreting an ambiguous contractual provision must determine the parties’ actual subjective intention rather than simply construing the actual words of the contract in an objective manner.
The assignment must be made in writing or it is null and void.
If the assigned party so expressly consents, the assignment of the contract liberates the assignor for obligations arising after the assignment; otherwise the assignor remains jointly and severally liable for the performance of the contract.
Conversely, new article 1118 provides that acceptance of the offer may be freely retracted as long as it has not been received by the offeror.
New article 1119 provides that general conditions invoked by a party have no effect against the other party unless they have been made known to such other party and accepted by it.
If the effects are temporary, the performance of the obligation is suspended unless the delay resulting therefrom justifies termination of the contract.
If the effects are definitive, the contract is automatically terminated and the parties are discharged of their obligations (without damages being due).
If the assignor is not discharged by the assigned party, any security interests previously granted remain in force.
Otherwise, security interests granted by third parties remain in force only with their agreement.