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The report admits that 8.1 million children in the age group six-14 remain out of school and there’s a shortage of 508,000 teachers country-wide.
India Sajit Krishnan Kutty, Secretary of The Educators Assisting Children's Hopes (TEACH) India; Annie Namala, an activist and head of Centre for Social Equity and Inclusion; and Aboobacker Ahmad, vice-president of Muslim Education Society, Kerala.
A report on the status of implementation of the Act was released by the Ministry of Human Resource Development on the one year anniversary of the Act.
The Ministry of HRD set up a high-level, 14-member National Advisory Council (NAC) for implementation of the Act.
The members included Kiran Karnik, former president of NASSCOM; Krishna Kumar, former director of the NCERT; Mrinal Miri, former vice-chancellor of North-East Hill University; Yogendra Yadav – social scientist.
The Act also provides that no child shall be held back, expelled, or required to pass a board examination until the completion of elementary education.
Compulsory Education Essay
There is also a provision for special training of school drop-outs to bring them up to par with students of the same age.The states have been clamouring that they lack financial capacity to deliver education of appropriate standard in all the schools needed for universal education.Thus it was clear that the central government (which collects most of the revenue) will be required to subsidise the states.Education in the Indian constitution is a concurrent issue and both centre and states can legislate on the issue.The Act lays down specific responsibilities for the centre, state and local bodies for its implementation.As that deadline was about to be passed many decades ago, the education minister at the time, MC Chagla, memorably said: "Our Constitution fathers did not intend that we just set up hovels, put students there, give untrained teachers, give them bad textbooks, no playgrounds, and say, we have complied with Article 45 and primary education is expanding...They meant that real education should be given to our children between the ages of 6 and 14" - (MC Chagla, 1964).Haryana Government has assigned the duties and responsibilities to Block Elementary Education Officers–cum–Block Resource Coordinators (BEEOs-cum-BRCs) for effective implementation and continuous monitoring of implementation of Right to Education Act in the State.It has been pointed out that the RTE act is not new.The Supreme Court of India has also intervened to demand implementation of the Act in the Northeast.It has also provided the legal basis for ensuring pay parity between teachers in government and government aided schools.