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Although many holistic rubrics list specific characteristics for each level, the teacher gives only one score, without breaking it down into separate qualities.
In 2010, Jarene Fluckiger studied a collection of teacher action research studies on the use of single-point rubrics.
She found that student achievement increased with the use of these rubrics, especially when students helped create them and used them to self-assess their work.
This is where we see the main advantage of the analytic rubric: It is also good for the teacher, because it gives her the ability to justify a score on paper, without having to explain everything in a later conversation.
Analytic rubrics have two significant disadvantages, however: (1) .
“If the highest level is already prescribed then creativity may be limited to that pre-determined level,” says Fluckiger.
“Students may surprise us if we leave quality open-ended.” The main disadvantage of single-point rubrics is that using them requires more writing on the teacher’s part.[To download a free Microsoft Word template for a holistic rubric, click .] An analytic rubric breaks down the characteristics of an assignment into parts, allowing the scorer to itemize and define exactly what aspects are strong, and which ones need improvement.So for the breakfast in bed example, an analytic rubric would look like this: In this case, you’d give your loved ones a separate score for each category. To make feedback even more targeted, you could also highlight specific phrases in the rubric, like, “the recipient is crowded during the meal” to indicate exactly what went wrong. For each one, we’ll look at an example, explore its pros and cons, and provide a blank template you can use to create your own. The levels can be labeled with numbers (such as 1 through 4), letters (such as A through F) or words (such as ). It lists three to five levels of performance, along with a broad description of the characteristics that define each level.What each level is called isn’t what makes the rubric holistic — it’s the way the characteristics are all lumped together. You want your loved ones to know what you expect if they should ever make you breakfast in bed.So you give them this holistic rubric: When your breakfast is done, you simply gather your loved ones and say, “I’m sorry my darlings, but that breakfast was just a 2.Because I can’t find the right language to highlight, I find myself hand-writing justifications for a score in whatever space I can find. With a single-point rubric, there’s no attempt to predict all the ways a student might go wrong.Similarly, the undefined “Advanced” column places no limits on how students might stretch themselves.A single-point rubric for breakfast in bed would look like this: Notice that the language in the “Criteria” column is exactly the same as the “3” column in the analytic rubric.When your loved ones receive this rubric, it will include your written comments on one or both sides of each category, telling them exactly how they fell short (“runny eggs,” for example) and how they excelled (“vase of flowers”).