The Qu’ran, too, was preserved by oral transmission until after the Prophet’s death when it was recorded in written form.This required that the Arabic script be standardised.The surface of the paper could be sized (coated with starch) and rubbed with a stone until extremely smooth and glossy. (Parchment continued to be used until a much later date in the Maghrib).
In the Eastern Islamic world, however, the Kufic styles had more or less died out by the 13th century, replaced by the range of more rounded styles in use now.
It may be that the new, more fluid styles developed in the East because paper had replaced parchment and papyrus as the main medium for important manuscripts and documents.
Confusingly, the same name is also commonly used for a second major group of script styles, which came to prominence in the 10th century.
These new, more angular styles came to include many fanciful variants such as foliated Kufic (decorated with curling leaf shapes) and floriated Kufic (decorated with flower forms).
In general, calligraphic inscriptions on works of art comprise one or more of the following types of text: These types of text can be seen across all art forms.
Since Muhammad's time, Arabic has become a great world language, used over a huge area as a language of religion, government, commerce, literature and science.
To truly learn how to write calligraphy, I highly recommend you practice strokes for a few minutes each day. You can use this free printable calligraphy paper as your guide.
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The Arabic name for this western region is al-Maghrib, and so the new style was called Maghribi.
Some calligraphers in the region still use this Maghribi style today.