Bash Assignment

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However, it's important to understand how let is different, and use it where appropriate.

Like all simple commands, let has its own environment.

Bitwise negation flips the bits in the binary representation of the numeric operand. The corresponding binary digits of both operands are multiplied to produce a result; for any given digit, the resulting digit is 1 if and only if the corresponding digit in both operands is also 1. A binary digit of the result is 1 if and only if the corresponding digits of the operands differ.

For instance, if the first binary digit of the first operand is 1, and the first digit of the second operand is 0, the first digit of the result is 1. Assign the value of the expression that follows the operator, to the variable that precedes it.

)), which is a compound command, let is a builtin command.

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As such, its individual arguments are subject to expansion by bash.One thing you learn later in bash is to use certain builtin commands. Here we cover how to use the builtin declare to modify the attributes of bash variables allowing you to create of arrays, list functions, integers, and much more.bash -c "help declare" declare: declare [-a Af Fgilnrtux] [-p] [name[=value] ...] Set variable values and attributes. If no NAMEs are given, display the attributes and values of all variables.When used in a function, `declare' makes NAMEs local, as with the `local' command. Exit Status: Returns success unless an invalid option is supplied or a variable assignment error occurs.# # declare an array and set key values # declare -a arr=(1) # arr[0]=1 arr[1]=$(( arr[0] 1 )) echo $ # 1 echo $ # 2 for i in do arr[i]=$(( arr[i-1] arr[i-2] )) done echo $ # 199 declare -p arr ## expect #declare -a arr=([0]="1" [1]="3" [2]="4" [3]="7" [4]="11" [5]="18" [6]="29" [7]="47" [8]="76" [9]="123" [10]="199") option adds the associative array attribute to the variable name provided to the declare command.Although not as powerful as similar constructs in the P languages (Perl, Python, and PHP) and others, they are often quite useful.Bash arrays have numbered indexes only, but they are sparse, ie you don't have to define all the indexes.Operators listed on the same row are of equal precedence. Unary minus returns the value of the expression expr it precedes, as if it had been multiplied by negative one (-1).Unary plus returns the expression expr unchanged, as if it had been multiplied by one (1). Logical negation returns false if its operand is true, and true if the operand is false.(If this sounds a little convoluted, that's because it is.See below for examples.) let evaluates each argument, arg, as a math expression. All numbers are represented internally as fixed-width integers.

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