Aristotle Prime Mover Essay

The Modern Ontological Argument: Alvin Plantinga “E* entails the property exist in every possible world.E* is exemplified in W*; hence if W* had been actual, E* would have been exemplified by something that existed and exemplified it in every possible world…. Google(); req('single_work'); $('.js-splash-single-step-signup-download-button').one('click', function(e){ req_and_ready('single_work', function() ); new c.

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It is this property of the ontological argument that has fascinated philosophers for centuries.

However, a more detailed analysis will reveal the flaw it contains.

But one cannot validly infer that such a being therefore must exist in reality.

Again, this is an attempt to build existence into a definition and conclude that the thing defined therefore exists, and this is fallacious.

An extremely detailed essay plan comparing Plato and Aristotle, with a great structure that entwines information and analysis together.

Even if your essay question is different, this will be really useful for taking evaluative points for this topic!Therefore, it is logically invalid and proves nothing.Atheists do not accept the ontological commitment that this argument tries to smuggle in through its definitions.The Arguments “Thus even the fool is compelled to grant that something greater than which cannot be thought exists in thought, because he understands what he hears, and whatever is understood exists in thought.And certainly that greater than which cannot be understood cannot exist only in thought, for if it exists only in thought it could also be thought of as existing in reality as well, which is greater.And you, Lord God, are this being.” —Anselm of Canterbury, Proslogion, 1077 CE The first, and one of the oldest (dating back almost a millennium), of the “classical” pro-theism arguments is the ontological argument.This argument attempts to prove God’s existence from reason alone, without any reference to the external world, based on nothing but the standard definition of who and what God is.In addition to Anselm’s formulation, versions of the ontological argument have been defended by philosophers such as René Descartes, Gottfried Liebniz, Kurt Gödel and Alvin Plantinga (whose formulation of it is considered in the next section).In its classic form, as presented by Anselm, the argument runs as follows: While the casual reader may well intuit that this cannot possibly be right, it is easier to say that this argument looks wrong than to say precisely what is wrong with it.The key point is this: If it is true that a being that exists in reality is greater than one that exists only in the imagination, then to define God as the greatest possible being is to implicitly claim that God exists – but this is what the argument is supposed to be trying to prove!The ontological argument uses its own conclusion as one of its initial assumptions – it assumes what it is trying to prove, committing the basic fallacy of circular argument.

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