Mastering the paper abstract is one of the most important skills you can acquire while still a graduate student. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Each of these six elements is mostly likely contained in a single sentence.Learn the tricks of the paper abstract and you have the ticket in hand to a steady ride of conference and publishing opportunities. 4) the specific material that you examine in the paper. Sentence 1: Big picture topic that is being intensively debated in your field/fields, possibly with reference to scholars (“The question of xxx has been widely debated in xxx field, with scholars such as xxx and xx arguing xxx]”). This GAP IN KNOWLEDGE is very, very bad, and detrimental to the welfare of all right thinking people. (“However, these works/articles/arguments/perspectives have not adequately addressed the issue of xxxx.”).
That is, it describes the topic of research and its findings but usually doesn’t give specific information about methods and results.
These abstracts may also be seen in review articles or conference proceedings.
If you end up writing something different in the actual paper itself, that’s ok! ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ For your reference, here are two abstracts that demonstrate how the principles above work. Through analysis of Marge Piercy’s classic feminist novel, , alternative ways of conceptualizing the place of law in lesbian and gay familial lives are considered and explored [Sentence 4–Her specific material in the paper]. It does this by exploring the nineteenth-century relationship of history to poetry and to truth in the context of the emerging discipline of history in Bengal [Sentence 3–Her project fills the gap].
Make sure that your final product shows your: 1) big picture 2) gap in the literature 3) your project filling the gap 4) the specific material that you examine in the paper. Looking to utopia as a method for rethinking the place of law in society offers rich new perspectives on the issue of lesbian and gay familial recognition [Sentence 5–Her argument, weak]. The question is discussed in relation to a patriotic poem, Palashir Yuddha (1875), accused of ahistoricality, as well as to a defense made by Bengal’s first professional historian, Jadunath Sarkar, against a similar charge in the context of Bankimchandra Chatterjee’s historical novels [Sentence 4–Her specific material in the paper].
These are the conferences and publications that a few years down the line, set your c.v. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ The paper abstract is highly formulaic. It needs to show the following: 1) big picture problem or topic widely debated in your field. Sentence 3: Your project fills this gap (“My paper addresses the issue of xx with special attention to xxx”).
Sentence 4 (length here depends on your total word allowance, and more sentences may be possible): The specific material that you are examining–your data, your texts, etc.
It’s not an easy task, but here’s a 10-step guide that should make it easier: Now revisit your abstract with these steps in mind, and I’m sure you’ll be able to revise it and make it more attractive.
Another thing you can do is go back to some of the most interesting papers you have read during your literature review.
A proposal paper sets out your reasoning for the study, justifies the research and explains your intended methods.
Dissertations and other graduate-level research often require proposals, or you may create one to apply for grant money.